An installment loan and a payday loan are two types of short-term loans that differ in repayment terms, interest rates, and fees. Installment loans have longer repayment terms, lower interest rates, and larger loan amounts, while payday loans have shorter repayment terms and higher interest rates and are for smaller loan amounts.

An installment loan is a type of loan in which individuals borrow a fixed amount of money and pay it back over a fixed period in regularly scheduled installments, usually monthly. The repayment period for an installment loan range from a few months to several years, depending on the amount borrowed and the lender’s terms. Installment loans generally have lower interest rates than payday loans.

Payday loans are small, amounting to $500 or less, and aim to cover unexpected expenses or bridge the gap between paychecks. Lenders design payday loans as short-term loans that borrowers must repay in full on their next payday. They have very high-interest rates, fees, and penalties, making them a very expensive option for borrowing money. In contrast to an installment loan, a payday lender does not require a credit check or collateral like property or assets to secure the loan.

What Is An Installment Loan?

Installment loans are a type of personal loan that borrowers repay over time in fixed payments or scheduled monthly. Installment loans require credit checks to determine an applicant’s eligibility for approval and collateral requirements like property or assets to secure the loan. The key difference between a loan vs installment loan is that installment loans offer longer repayment periods and generally better interest rates.

The loan terms for installment loans vary depending on the agreement. The application process for installment loans involves filling out an online or physical form with personal information, employment details, and proof of income.

Understanding Payday Loans

People might consider payday loans when they need a quick financial solution to cover unexpected expenses or a short-term cash flow problem. Since payday loans don’t require credit checks, they can be viable for those with poor credit scores. However, it is important to know the high-interest loans and associated fees that can come with this type of borrowing. Considering the high costs and potential risks of payday loans, exploring other options, such as installment loans, is recommended before committing to a payday loan.

A payday loan is a type of short-term borrowing used by individuals who need quick cash before their next paycheck arrives to cover their short-term financial needs. It involves getting a small amount of money and repaying it on or shortly after the borrower’s next scheduled pay date, with interest added. The loan interest rates of loans are quite high – much higher than other forms of credit.

ScenarioInstallment LoanPayday Loan
Interest Rates3%200%
QualificationGood credit scoreNo credit check
Lower interest ratesHigher interest rates
Longer loan termsShort-term loans
Loan Amount$5,000$500
Repayment Period3 years2 weeks
5 years1 month
7 years2 months
Origination Fee1% of the loan amountNone
2% of the loan amountNone
3% of the loan amountNone
Other FeesA late fee of $25A late fee of $50
Rollover fee of $50Rollover fee of $100
N/AApplication fee of $50


What Are The Procedure For Obtaining A Loan?

Before obtaining a loan, it’s crucial to understand the different loan types available and the period of time in which you must repay the loan. Knowing these factors will help you choose the right loan type for your financial needs.

Obtaining a loan requires borrowers to follow certain procedures, which vary depending on the lender and the type of loan. The steps involve checking the credit score, shopping around for financial institutions, submitting an application, providing documentation, waiting for approval, accepting the loan offer, and receiving the funds.

Two main types of loans are unsecured loans and secured loans. Unsecured loans do not require collateral and are granted based on the borrower’s creditworthiness. In contrast, secured loans require borrowers to pledge an asset, such as a car or property, as collateral.

  1. Check the credit score. The credit score is one factor in determining eligibility for a loan and the interest rate charged to borrowers. Check the credit score and report to know it’s accurate and up-to-date.
  2. Shop around for lenders. Check with banks, credit unions, online lenders, and peer-to-peer lending platforms. Look for lenders that offer the type of loan option a person needs and compare interest rates, fees, and repayment terms with various online lenders.
  3. Apply. Borrowers must apply. The application requires applicants to provide personal, financial, and details about the loan they’re applying for.
  4. Provide documentation. Lenders require documentation to verify their income, employment, credit history, and other details. It includes pay stubs, tax returns, bank statements, and identification documents.
  5. Accept the loan offer. Accept the loan offer by signing the loan agreement if one agrees with the terms. Completely understood all of the terms and conditions before signing the agreement.
  6. Receive the funds. Following the electronic signature on the loan agreement, the lender deposits the agreed-upon cash into the bank account. Prevent late fees and penalties by spending the money wisely and making payments on schedule.

What are the factors to check before obtaining loans?

The factors that borrowers need to check when obtaining loans include credit score, loan amount, interest rate, loan duration, fees, repayment plan, and the lender’s reputation. Lenders evaluate borrowers’ creditworthiness based on their credit score, and the loan amount is the specific sum of money that a borrower borrows from a lender.

Borrowers must research the lender’s reputation to know if they are reputable and trustworthy. Interest rates, loan duration, and fees all affect the total cost of the loan, and a repayment plan outlines how a borrower repays an installment loan.

Loan Amount:

A loan amount is the money a borrower borrows from a lender, usually specified in the loan agreement. A loan amount refers to the specific sum of money that a borrower borrows from a lender. The loan amount varies depending on the type of loan, the lender’s policies, and the borrower’s creditworthiness. Lenders must pay back the initial principal balance of a loan with interest over a defined period, with a repayment plan in place. Annual percentage rates and credit counseling can be crucial factors for borrowers, especially those with poor credit.

Loan Duration

Loan duration refers to the length of time during which a borrower need to make regular payments to the lender until the loan is fully repaid, including any interest or fees. The loan duration is determined at the time of loan origination and is agreed upon by both the borrower and the lender. It is typically specified in the loan agreement and can vary depending on factors such as the type of loan, lender policies, and negotiation between the parties involved. The loan duration is a crucial factor as it influences the total cost of borrowing and the monthly payment amount for the borrower.

Interest Rates

Interest rates refer to the money a lender charges a borrower for using borrowed funds. They vary depending on various factors, including the borrower’s creditworthiness, the amount borrowed, the duration of the loan, and the prevailing market rates. Interest rates are a leading indicator of economic and financial market activity. A primary interest is useful in most mortgages. The interest rate formula calculates the amount of interest borrowers must pay. Its formula includes the principal amount, the interest rate, and the loan repayment period, such as auto loans and personal installment loans.

Credit Score

In some cases, the type of loan may also affect interest rates. For example, auto loans might have different rates than personal installment loans. It’s essential to consider the type of loan when evaluating loan offers and managing your finances.

A credit score is a numerical value representing an individual’s creditworthiness based on their credit history. They are calculated based on factors like payment history, credit utilization, length of credit history, types of credit accounts, and recent credit inquiries.

Lenders use credit scores to assess the risk of lending money to an individual and to determine the interest rates and terms of credit they offer. A good credit score helps individuals qualify for loans, credit cards, and other financial products with favorable terms and lower interest rates.


Fees refer to the costs incurred by individuals or organizations when using a particular service or product. Different types of fees are associated with a loan, depending on the lender and the type of loan. Common types of fees in a loan include;

  • Application Fee – A fee other lenders charge when a borrower submits a loan application. It covers the cost of processing the application and a percentage of the loan amount or a flat fee. This fee is common in various loans, including online loans.
  • Origination Fee – A fee other lenders charge for creating a loan. It is a percentage of the loan amount or a flat fee, and it covers the cost of underwriting, processing, and funding the loan. Borrowers with bad credit installment loans should pay special attention to this fee, as it may be higher for those with less-than-perfect credit.
  • Prepayment Fee – Other lenders charge a fee if a borrower pays off the loan before the end of the loan term. Its fee compensates the lender for the loss of interest earned if the borrower had paid the loan as scheduled. Lenders also call this fee a prepayment penalty.
  • Late Payment Fee – A fee charged when a borrower misses a loan payment or pays it after the due date. It intends to compensate the lender for the additional administrative costs and risks associated with late payments. Late payment fees can further damage borrowers’ credit scores with bad credit installment loans.
  • Annual Fee – A fee charged annually by other lenders for maintaining a line of credit, like a credit card or personal line of credit. Annual fees are not unique to online loans, as they can also be present in traditional lending.
  • Underwriting Fee – Other lenders cover evaluating a borrower’s creditworthiness and determining the loan approval. It is particularly important for those applying for online loans or bad credit installment loans, where lenders can do underwriting through advanced algorithms and traditional methods.

Lender Reputation

Lender reputation refers to a lender’s perception in the eyes of its customers and the general public. A lender builds its credibility by providing borrowers with honest and straightforward loan conditions, offering a high level of service, and following applicable laws and industry standards.

Borrowers must research the lender’s reputation before applying for an online installment loan or traditional loan to know that the lender is reputable and trustworthy. It is done by reading online reviews, checking the lender’s rating with the Better Business Bureau, and researching any regulatory actions or lawsuits against the lender.

Repayment Plan

A repayment plan is a schedule or arrangement that outlines how a borrower repays a debt or online installment loan over time. It specifies the amount of each payment, the due date, and the total time it takes to repay the debt fully.

A repayment plan aims to help borrowers manage their debt and make timely payments, improving their credit score and reducing the risk of default or late fees. Repayment plans vary depending on the type of loan, the lender’s policies, and the borrower’s financial situation. There are two classifications of repayment plans, fixed and flexible.

  • Fixed Repayment Plan – A fixed repayment plan requires borrowers to make regular fixed payments for a predetermined period. The payment amount remains the same throughout the repayment period, making it easy for borrowers to budget and plan their finances. Fixed repayment plans are useful for car loans, personal loans, and mortgages.
  • Flexible Repayment Plan – Flexible repayment plans offer more flexibility in payment amounts and timing. Flexible repayment plans are commonly useful for student loans, where borrowers need more time to find a job. Borrowers choose to make larger or smaller payments depending on their financial situation.

Installment Loans and Payday Loans: Which is Better?

Installment and payday loans are different types of loans that serve different purposes. The best choice depends on the individual’s financial situation and needs. Installment loans are paid back in fixed monthly payments over a set period, usually for larger amounts of money, and are better for long-term borrowing and larger purchases.

On the other hand, payday loans are short-term loans due on the borrower’s next payday, usually for smaller amounts of money, and are better for emergency expenses. Compare loan terms, interest rates, and fees from multiple lenders and read the terms and conditions carefully before accepting any loan offer to avoid falling into a cycle of debt.

Celine Jesza Afana

Celine Jesza Afana is a Finance writer at Paydaydaze an online leader in a payday loan company, providing fast, easy, and safe payday loans online to its customers. Celine has extensive experience working in the financial industry, with a specialization in lending and administration management. She also is proficient in customer service, customer services, and a variety of payday lending industry functions. She has been working hard in the company's efforts to help those with jobs that aren't so easy and financial issues get money when they require it the most.